Bachelor of Nursing
Bachelor of Nursing is an Under Graduate Academic degree awarded for a course or a program in Nursing. It is also known as B.Sc. – Nursing which is an abbreviated form of the Bachelor of Science Degree in Nursing. The duration of Bachelor of Science Degree in Nursing is 4 years. Nursing Programs provide a comprehensive foundation to clinical practice for the student nurse. Nursing School Programs enable a candidate to be develop into a graduate nurse who is committed to the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health and to the prevention of disease. The Indian Nursing Council is a regulatory body for nurses and education in nursing in India.
There are 2 Bachelor of Nursing programs
B.Sc. (Basic) – The duration of this course is 4 years.
B.Sc. (Post Basic) – It is subdivided into:
i) Regular 10+2 + GNM – Duration is 2 years.
ii) Distance 10+2 GNM + 2 years Experience – Duration is 3 years. Bachelor of Science Degree in Nursing is provided by various Nursing School and Nursing Colleges. Some of the top Institutes providing Bachelor of Science in Nursing are Annamalai University -Department of Nursing, Apollo Hospitals Educational Trust Apollo College of Nursing – Delhi, Institute of Nursing Education – J.J. Hospital – Mumbai etc. Bachelor of Nursing Distance Education is also available in various Nursing Schools and Nursing Colleges all over India.
Nursing degree requirements are that a candidate should be 10+2 Class Pass with 45% aggregate in PCBE (Physics,Chemistry, Biology, English). Interested candidates have to appear in an entrance test conducted by the various state and Independent medical educational bodies to admit candidates in various teaching institutions attached with it according to the rank of the candidate in the entrance exam. These exams are usually held in the month of May-June and consists of Objective type questions based on the subject of relevant subjects the results of these exams are generally out by June/July.
Bachelor of Pharmacy
Pharmacy is the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines. It also refers to a retail shop where medicine and other articles are sold, which is a limited definition of the term. Bachelor of Pharmacy is an Undergraduate Academic Degree awarded for a course or program in the field of Pharmacy. It is also known as B.Pharm. or B.Pharma. which is an abbreviated form of Bachelor Degree in Pharmacy. Pharmacy education and profession in India up to graduate level is regulated by the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI), a statutory body governed by the provisions of the Pharmacy Act, 1948 passed by the Indian Parliament. Bachelor Degree in Pharmacy enables one to practice the profession of a Pharmacist. The duration of B.Pharm. is 4 years. B.Pharm. curriculum provides valuable knowledge of health care and bio chemical science. Students are expected to perform a number of experiments along with theory classes covered over a number of semesters. B.Pharm. (Hons.) programme is also offered by variosu Institutes. One needs to study additional subject for B.Pharm. (Hons.). There are various Pharmacy Schools and Colleges in India. Find Pharmacy Schools of India. There are a number of recognized universities worldwide which offer online Pharmacy Degree. Some of the online Pharmacy Degree Schools are University of Florida, Kaplan University, Baker College, Lehigh University, University of Phoenix, Grand Canyon University and University of Liverpool.
Bachelor Degree in Pharmacy requires a candidate to have cleared 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Maths (PCM) or Physics, Chemistry, Biology (PCB) or Physics, Chemistry, Maths & Biology as subjects. One must also pass with at least 50% marks in Pre University Course with biology/mathematics as one of the subjects, or complete a D.Pharma. (Diploma in Pharmacy). In some states it is also mandatory to give an additional pharmacy entrance examination in order to be eligible for the course.
Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy is a medical science field which uses physical agents like exercise, massage and other modalities for providing treatment to those patients whose movement and function are threatened by ageing, injury, disease or environmental factors. Bachelor of Physiotherapy is an Under Graduate Degree which is awarded for a course or program in Physiotherapy. It is also known as BPT which is an abbreviated form of Bachelor of Physiotherapy degree. The duration of BPT is 4½ years including internship of 6 months. Physical Therapy Programs provide core skills like manual therapy, therapeutic exercise and the application of electro physical modalities, to the prospective students.
To pursue BPT one needs to be pass in 12th class or equivalent with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks in physics, chemistry and biology (including practical) provided the candidate has passed in each subject separately. There is a Common Entrance Test (CET) for the course in Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT). Admission is based mainly on CET scores. A candidate seeking admission to Bachelor of Physiotherapy should be at least 17 years of age.
Bachelor of Dental Surgery
Bachelor of Dental Surgery is an Undergraduate Academic Degree awarded for a course or program in the field of Dentistry. It is popularly known as B.D.S. which is an abbreviated form of Bachelor of Dental Surgery. The duration of Bachelor of Dental Surgery course is 4-5 years of study with internship and without internship, Manipal College of Dental Sciences offers the course in the mentioned formats. The course was available with internship before 2007. However, in 2007, the Dental Council of India restructured the course and made it a 5 Year course without Internship. This was done because as per DCI, students or colleges didn’t take internship seriously and academicians also felt that internship was not serving its purpose. But, this regulation though under affect, is under consideration. The B.D.S. course is divided into 2 or more semesters. After M.B.B.S., Bachelor of Dental Surgery is one the most sought after degree in the field of medical science. B.D.S. enables one to become a Dentist. Dental Courses comprise didactic lectures, demonstrations, group discussions, seminars, clinical work and conferences. Aspiring candidates learn about different aspects of dental science, which includes various forms of treatment including surgical procedure. Dental materials, Dental anatomy & Oral histology, Oral Pathology, Community Dentistry, Pedodontics, Oral Medicine & Radiology are some of the topics that are generally taught.
Dental School Requirements include H.S.C. (10+2) with English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology with at least 50% marks. Admission to graduate courses in dentistry is through a general, nationwide competitive examination. Entrance Examinations are conducted in major cities all over India. Advertisements are given , regarding issue of Application forms for Common Entrance Examination, important dates etc., in all leading newspapers all over India and also notified. The All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Exam conducted by the CBSE is common for both the M.B.B.S. and the Bachelor of Dental Sciences (BDS). The allocation of institutions is based on merit. Other than the centrally run medical institutions there is at least one dental college in most states, where admission is governed by domiciliary status. But to be eligible for practice, one must ensure that the course chosen is approved by the Dental Council of India.
Master of Science in Nursing
M.Sc. Nursing or Master of Science in Nursing is a postgraduate Academic Nursing course. The Course deals with the healthcare profession focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life from conception to death. The duration of M.Sc. in Nursing is mostly of two academic years, but it varies from institute to institute. The University of Delhi is providing in two years on a full-time basis. The minimum time to complete the course is also two years. The Course is available both in full time and a part-time basis.
M.Sc. Nursing Eligibility
- Candidates should complete their B.Sc. degree under any registered University in respective subject in Science stream.
- The marks of admission for this course vary from University to University. In various colleges and Universities, there is an entrance exam for admission of courses.
Master of Pharmacy
Master of Pharmacy is a Post Graduate Academic Degree which is awarded for a course or program in the field of Pharmacy. It is also known as M.Pharm. or M.Pharma. The duration of Master Degree in Pharmacy is 2 years. M.Pharma. is divided into a number of semesters. At the end of the each semester, there shall be an examination wherein candidates are examined in the courses prescribed for that semester. Students are also required to submit Thesis at the end of the last semester. Master Degree in Pharmacy provides a candidate with various practical aspects of the research methodologies, instrumental techniques, emerging areas and industrial operations. Master of Pharmacy (Hons.) can also be pursued by those who want a strong exposure to Pharmacy subjects. There are various Pharmacy Schools in India which provide Master of Pharmacy course. There are a number of recognized universities worldwide which offer online Pharmacy Degree. Some of the online Pharmacy Degree Schools are University of Florida, Kaplan University, Baker College, Lehigh University, University of Phoenix, Grand Canyon University and University of Liverpool.
Candidates who have passed Bachelor of Pharmacy degree Programme with not less than 50% of marks, of this University or any other University recognised as equivalent thereto by this University, are eligible for admission to the Master of Pharmacy Programmes. For SC/ST candidates, the eligibility is a pass in the B.Pharm. degree Programme. An entrance examination Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT) and interview is also conducted for admission. GPAT is an all India Examination to be conducted by the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara on behalf of All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), New Delhi. The Scores in Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE) were in use till the year 2009 for admission in Masters Programme in Pharmacy (M.Pharm) and also for awarding fellowships/scholarships to Pharmacy graduates along with engineering graduates. The Organizing Committee for GATE expressed its inability to include Pharmacy graduates in GATE with effect from the year 2010, owing to operational problems due to large number of candidates appearing for GATE examination. Therefore, in order to facilitate admission of Pharmacy graduates in M.Pharm. as also to award fellowships/scholarships to Pharmacy graduates, AICTE decided to organize and conduct an examination in the name of Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT) with effect from academic year 2010-11. Accordingly, a National Monitoring Committee (NMC) was constituted for monitoring the issues pertaining to the policy as well as conduct of GPAT examination.
Master of Physiotherapy
Master of Physiotherapy is a Post Graduate Academic Degree awarded for a course or program in the field of Physical Therapy, more popularly known as Physiotherapy. It is also known as MPT or M.P.T. which is an abbreviated form of the Master of Physiotherapy degree. Some Institutes also abbreviate it as ‘M.P.Th’ which also stands for Master of Physiotherapy. The duration of M.P.T. is 2 years. Physical Therapy programs provide practical learning experience which enable knowledge gain, skill and the required behaviour expected from an expert Physiotherapist. The course curriculum is based on case studies and clinical practice so as to encourage students in critical thinking.
Eligibility for Master of Physiotherapy (MPT) course is 50 % marks in BPT with completion of 6 months internship. Apart from this one also needs to clear the entrance test to get admission.
Master of Dental Surgery
Master of Dental Surgery is a Postgraduate Academic Degree which is awarded for a course or program in Dentistry. It is also known as M.D.S. which is an abbreviated form of Masters Degree in Dentistry. The duration of Master of Dental Surgery is 2 or 3 years. become registered dental specialists. The programmes foster development of critical analysis, research skills, and advanced clinical skills that will be recognised for specialist registration. M.D.S. Dental Degree Course enables one to become a registered Dental Specialist. The Course structure fosters development of critical analysis, research skills, and advanced clinical skills that will be recognised for specialist registration. Dental Council of India ( D.C.I ) is the regulatory body for Dental courses. Dental Schools provides graduates, training in different disciplines in Dentistry. M.D.S. degree is conferred after acceptance of a thesis and after the candidate has passed the M.D.S. examination which is held at the end of 30 months which consists of 4 written papers, clinical (or practical) and oral examinations.
The minimum qualification for this course is Bachelor of Dental Surgery (B.D.S) or an equivalent qualification recognised by the Dental Council of India. Candidate not possessing a recognised Dental qualification for the above purpose should secure the prior approval of his qualifications by the Dental Council of India before he can be admitted to the M.D.S. course of any University in India.The Age Limit is mostly 21 years of age. The selection of students to M.D.S. is based on the merit of the candidate and for the determination of merit All India Common Entrance Test (AICET) is conducted by various Dental Colleges or by the agency specified by the University Grants Commission, New Delhi.